DYING OR LIVING? DYING AND LIVING?

A poet has said that death is just. On top of that, another poet mentions that life must be fair for death to be fair. By adding Socrates to his game, Plato plays on the concept of death in the same way that he played about life and human values ​​in life in his previous dialogues. A true philosopher wants to grasp the essence of beings, that is, every thing itself and not mixed with anything. For this realization to be fully realized, the soul must be alone. Because bodily pleasures and needs prevent him and bodily senses deceive him. In this case, the soul must be freed from the body. The surest way for the soul to get rid of the body is death. Because death is a means by which the soul leaves the body and stays on its own. It does not make sense, then, for philosophers to fear death on their way to Hades, where they will attain pure wisdom. Because death is a step towards salvation and immortality.

When the idea progress of the book is taken into consideration and Plato’s effort to prove the immortality of the soul is added, it becomes clear that Sorates is not only in a prison with iron bars. Trapped is the wisdom-loving soul, that is, the philosopher, in a body filled with desires that deceive the mind, prevent it from attaining wisdom.

waiting for the ship can also be considered meaningful: this ship is not coming to take the body of Socrates. As a matter of fact, it carries the delegation dedicated to Apollo, the mind. It is the soul of Socrates that the ship will carry. For a wisdom-loving soul there can be no greater happiness than death, will Socrates say, days before he drank the hemlock. In this sense, it can be said that phaidon does not take place in a dark dungeon, and it is even a journey story. he pulls the body down almost as if it were a forcibly owned garbage, he does not compare with the concept he calls the soul. that the least possible pleasure, food and attention should be given to the body in the face of its needs; He says that this has to be done just because it has to. Because there is no other choice, or because it would be sinful to end one’s own life, he affirms the burning for death, which he presumes will continue to survive in the most alien and remote way possible from the body, and have the immortality of the soul and the conception he dreams of as the only unchanging truth.

whereas, by doing so, he has separated the body and the soul, which are tied to the same head, just like two opposites, that is, pleasure and pain, which are tied to the same head in his analogy and cannot be separated from each other; to know, to learn, to have smashed half of that famous single truth that he died to possess. whereas is it a lie that the pure and holy spirit, the poisoner, the impurity, the lower and the lower body, however much it flees, remains with it. There is no “one and unchanging reality” for those who know how to look. life is beyond right and wrong, good and evil. Unless enthusiasm is accompanied by serenity, unless spirit and flesh are equally exalted, there will be more suicides, self-sacrifices, games of courage for the sake of righteousness. man consists of soul and body. While the soul uses the way of thinking to reach information about the essence of beings, the body tries to reach information by using the sense organs. but he who engages in research only with his body will be mistaken. It is necessary to satisfy the body’s desires so that the soul can make prudent decisions. it should be done only as much as necessary without exaggeration (temperance). virtue can only exist with common sense. common sense also requires that one not give in to one’s desires.

In addition to these, the immortality of the soul, the idea of ​​sharing, remembering, hostility to thought, contradictions are the other subjects mentioned in the conversation.

As a result, in Plato’s Phaedo, the justification of death for a true philosopher is proven in two ways. First; According to Socrates, in order to obtain the essence of each thing, its unmixed state, that is, to reach true wisdom, the soul must be alone and get rid of the bodily things. The surest way for the soul to leave the body is death. With death, the soul leaves the body and is left alone. Saving the soul, that is, separating it from the body, is the work of philosophers who are truly lovers of wisdom. Therefore, philosophers desire and prepare for death even while they are alive. Because death is not the end, it is a beginning on the road to immortality. Latter; Philosophers are people who have the virtues of courage, temperance, justice, and wisdom. These virtues form the basis of purification. Therefore, philosophers who truly possess these virtues on the road to immortality become purified before they die.